- Investing in Hemp: Across the country, entrepreneurs are betting that hemp is the next big industry. The global industrial hemp market size is expected to reach USD $10.6 billion by 2025, according to a new report by Grand View Research.
- Federal Law Restricts Industrial Hemp: Under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), all cannabis varieties, even industrial hemp, are considered Schedule I controlled substances. However, under the 2014 farm bill, hemp production is allowed under certain circumstances. Most notably, hemp must be grown and cultivated “in accordance with an agricultural pilot program ... established by a State department of agriculture or State agency ... in a State where the production of industrial hemp is otherwise legal under State law.”
- Most Hemp Is Imported: Hemp product sales were estimated at $700 million in 2016, according to a June report by the Congressional Research Service. However, because hemp production is restricted, most hemp sold in the U.S. initially comes from overseas. Countries like Canada and China provide both finished hemp-containing products and as ingredients for use in further processing.
- Definition of Industrial Hemp: While hemp and marijuana are both a part of the cannabis family, marijuana contains high levels of the psychoactive ingredient tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), while hemp contains minuscule amounts. Assembly Bill 1330 defines industrial hemp as an agricultural product that is any variety of Cannabis sativa L. with a delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of 0.3% or less on a dry weight basis.
- Industrial Hemp Agricultural Pilot Program: Assembly Bill 1330 directs the New Jersey Department of Agriculture to create an industrial hemp agricultural pilot program that promotes the study and cultivation of hemp to the maximum extent permitted by federal law.
- Industrial Hemp Oversight: The Department of Agriculture is required to adopt rules and regulations to administer the pilot program. These include creating requirements for the licensing or contracting of growers participating in the program, prescribing hemp testing procedures to ensure compliance with federal law, creating a fee structure for the administration of the program, and certifying germinating seeds and hemp cultivars if necessary.
- Hemp Licensing: Under Assembly Bill 1330, hemp growers must apply to the Secretary of Agriculture for a license. Among other requirements, applicants must submit to fingerprinting and criminal background checks. The application must include the name and address of the applicant, and documentation and a legal description of the land to be used for the growing and production of industrial hemp.
- Benefits for Farmers: Establishing hemp as a legal and viable agricultural crop could significantly benefit farmers. The ability to grow hemp on an industrial scale would allow farmers to diversify their products by adding a lucrative cash crop. The pilot program’s research into cultivation methods of industrial hemp would also aid farmers seeking to grow hemp for the first time.
- New York Already Allows Industrial Hemp: Neighboring New York has already given industrial hemp the green light. In 2017, the state established the Industrial Hemp Research Pilot Program, which allowed farmers, businesses and universities to obtain licenses to grow and process industrial hemp. As of April of 2018, 62 applicants had been granted permits to produce In total, 15 states have established their own hemp industries.
- Congress May Legalize Industrial Hemp Nationwide: The Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2018 aims to facilitate the possible commercial cultivation of industrial hemp by amending the CSA to exclude “industrial hemp” from the statutory definition of marihuana. Industrial hemp would be defined based on its THC content and set at a threshold of 0.3% THC. Many of the provisions in the bill are included in the Senate version of the 2018 farm bill legislation, which is now being debated in Congress.
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If you have any questions or if you would like to discuss the matter further, please contact me, Dan McKillop, at 201-806-3364.
This article is a part of a series pertaining to cannabis legalization in New Jersey and the United States at large. Prior articles in this series are below: